Injury or accident can happen from anywhere, at any time, whether it is within the work place or in your own home. These injuries (in this scope covers the minor injuries likely in a cooking environment) can be possibly prevented, where it could not but happen could be effectively handled.
Here are the practical measures that should be observed to avoid or at best reduce to the barest minimum: cuts, falls, burns and strains. Where it happens, some first-aid measures (treatments).
Cuts: Always keep knives and use the right knife for the best job.
- Take precaution with sharp instrument; keep the fingers along with other areas of the body from blade (sharp edge) or point.
- Keep shield on the sharp edges of tools so when not in use, store away in save place. Never keep knife loose with other cooking implements in a drawer.
- When cutting or chopping, make sure you do this, not on a stainless steel table, not even on your hand but on a board, and away from your body.
Place a damp cloth underneath the board, where board slips rather than try catching a falling knife.
- Never fool around with knife. Should you pass a knife to a different, keep it pointed at the floor and never upwards.
- Wipe knife from the blunt side.
First Aid Treatment:
When it comes to a small cut, rinse wound within cleaning running water or wash using water that is clean with an antiseptic like Dettol or Salvon until wound is clean, then put on a protective glove to avoid contamination.
- Dry and clean the ground. The ground is generally slippery when wet or when fats, scraps, soap splash and drop or when nylon papers litter the floor.
- Wear non-slip shoes. Enable your shoes have a good grip on the ground.
- Look in which you walk. Avoid carrying large items as this might block your view and could cause you to lose balance.
- Make sure to clear your runway of boxes, equipment, hose and wires, etc.
- Keep your mind on which you are doing. Walk purposefully but don't run.
Strain: this means pulling muscle in a wrong way or too suddenly, therefore the muscle gives way. This may be very painful as it can damage muscle. Stress in a pace such as the stomach or chest might cause rupture from the internal lining, which could cause hernia that might require surgery. So
- Don't lift heavy object without help. Make use of the trolley instead.
- Bend your knees, not your waist. Keep your back straight.
- Fetch it, don't stretch for it.
- Do not show off your strength. Work gradually, don't proceed once. Lift from floor towards the chair after which towards the counter.
First-aid Strategy to falls and Strains
Make the injured as comfortable as you possibly can, apply cold compress (ice in a cloth). If question about injury, treat like a fracture.
Unless you be cautious burns can occur dealing with any kind of heat. So watch out for:
- Naked flame near your clothing or towel, electric heat near any kind of the body, oil that fries too long and also to hot, it can burst into flames.
- Boiling water too near to the surface of your kettle or saucepan can boil over and splash.
- Don't get a pan, pot or plate without checking the temperature.
- Keep papers, plastic aprons along with other flammable materials away from hot areas and don't attempt to do a lot of things at any given time, stay calm and don't have a hurried plot.
- Only use natural gas or any other source created for the purpose.
- Burns and scalds from steam must be cooled as quickly as possible a minimum of for 10 mins. This can reduce heat from the burn, swelling and pains as well as prevent further damage to underlying tissue.
- Blisters ought not to be removed. A wet cloth or ice covered with cloth can be utilized on the injury. Remove anything on that part of the body before swelling occurs.
- Dress area with clean, sterile materials or bandage.
- Don't use adhesive dressings, plasters or cotton wool.
- Don't apply lotions or fat towards the injury and never break blisters, remove loose skin or hinder the injury.
The measures discussed above are meant for minor injuries alone. A professional physician should handle major injuries professionally.